The planet has just experienced a “shocking” 12-month streak of record heat

In the last year, our planet has faced a number of extreme temperatures that have caused concern and reverberations at the global level, situations that indicate that the Earth is moving towards “farming”.climate hell“.

Heat waves with historically high temperatures in the region Southern Europe and his America and unusual cold waves cause disasters and serious problems in people’s daily life and natural ecosystems, and the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is causing serious changes in the Earth’s climate, which is alarming the scientific community.

According to the latest data from Europe’s Copernicus atmospheric and climate change monitoring service, the planet has just marked a new milestone. tolerant Unprecedented heat for 12 months in a row.

According to the agency, every month from June 2023 to May 2024 was the hottest month on record globally, and Copernicus director Carlo Buontempo said the 12-month heat streak was not a surprise given human-induced climate change.

And the worst is yet to come.

As he characteristically captures the scale of the problem, “If the fossil fuel pollution that warms the planet is not reduced, this series of warmest months will be remembered as relatively cold‘, he said.

Copernicus released its findings on the same day that UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres blasted fossil fuel companies during a speech on climate change in New York, calling them “the godfathers of climate chaos” and publicly called on all countries to ban advertising of fossil fuel products.

“We are playing Russian roulette with our planet. We need an exit ramp from the highway to climate hell,” Guterres said.

As temperatures rise, global climate commitments are “hanging by a thread,” he warned.

Copernicus’s evidence showed this Every month since July 2023 has been at least 1.5 degrees warmer than pre-industrial temperatureswhen humans started burning large amounts of fossil fuels that warmed the planet.

During the past year the average global temperature was 1.63 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Under the 2015 Paris Agreement, countries agreed to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. Although this target involves warming over decades rather than a month or a year, scientists warn against it excess is a worrying sign.

“This is a harbinger of increasingly dangerous climate impacts on the horizon,” said Richard Allan, a professor of climate science at the University of Reading in the UK.

The news comes as the American West experiences its first heat wave of the summer, with temperatures topping 40 degrees. But the unprecedented heat has left behind a death toll and massive destruction across the planet.

Dozens of people have died in India in recent weeks due to temperatures approaching 50 degrees. Scorching temperatures in Southeast Asia have led to deaths, school closures and withered crops. With the increase in heat in Mexico, monkeys have started to die and fall from the trees.

Warm air and warm oceans are also causing heavy rains and destructive storms to hit the United States, Brazil, Kenya and the United Arab Emirates, among other countries this year.

Ben Clarke, a researcher at Imperial College London’s Grantham Institute, says the recent heatwaves provide “a window into a future of extreme heat that challenges the limits of human survival”. “It’s very important that people understand this Every tenth of a degree of warming exposes more people to dangerous and potentially deadly heat“, he told CNN.

“Extreme events caused by climate chaos are piling up, destroying lives, damaging economies and harming health,” Guterres said.

“Humanity has had a huge impact on the world,” he said, likening it to the meteorite that wiped out the dinosaurs 66 million years ago.

In the case of climate, we are not dinosaursGuterres said. “We are meteors. We are not the only ones at risk. We are a threat“.

Warmer to come

Due to the weakening of the El Nino phenomenon, global temperatures are expected to drop below record levels in the coming months.

However, this does not mean the end of the long-term trend of rising temperatures as humans continue to burn planet-warming fossil fuels. “Although this streak of record temperature months will eventually be broken, the overall signature of climate change remains and there is no sign of a change in this trend,” Buontempo said.

In his speech, Guterres also touched on the new data published by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). About 86% chance that at least one of 2024-2028 will break the record for warmest yearSet in 2023.

The World Trade Organization also estimated that for the entire five-year period between 2024 and 2028, there is about a 50% chance that the global average temperature will be 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. If this happens, it will bring the world closer to exceeding the long-term 1.5 degree limit that is the basis of the Paris Agreement.

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