Nutrition: This type of women “gives” years

It is known that the Mediterranean diet can improve it in various ways health to us.

Now the researchers are new scientific research They followed more than 25,000 initially healthy women in the US for up to 25 years, and found that those who adhered more closely to the Mediterranean pattern had a 23% lower risk of all-cause mortality, both cancer deaths and protective benefits. cardiovascular diseases.

Brigham and Women’s Hospital researchers found evidence of biological changes that may explain the protective effects of the Mediterranean diet.

Among other things, they discovered changes in his biomarkers metabolism inflammation and insulin resistance.

Their results were published in JAMA.

Mediterranean diet “gives” years

“If you want to live longer and better, it’s important to pay attention to your diet.

The good news is that a Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk of death by nearly a quarter over 25 years, and is protective against both cancer and cardiovascular disease, the leading causes of death in women (and men) in the United States and around the world. . Dr. Samia Mora, cardiologist and director of the Center for Lipid Metabolomics, said characteristically.

The Mediterranean diet includes a variety of plant-based foods such as nuts, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, emphasizes olive oil, and focuses on moderate intake of fish, poultry, dairy, eggs, and less red meat and processed foods.

How does it benefit us?

In the context of the present study, the long-term benefit of following a Mediterranean diet in women participating in the “Women’s Health Study” and the biological mechanisms that may be “hidden” behind this benefit were investigated.

The researchers evaluated a panel of approximately 40 biomarkers representing different biological pathways and clinical risk factors.

Biomarkers of metabolism and inflammation contributed the most, followed by lipoproteins, lipids, insulin resistance.

“From our study, we found that even modest changes in established risk factors for metabolic disease, particularly those associated with inflammation, obesity, and insulin resistance, can confer significant long-term benefits from following a Mediterranean diet,” said the lead author. education.

However, the researchers note some major limitations, including that the study was limited to middle-aged and older well-educated female health professionals.

The study was based on food frequency questionnaires and other self-reported measures such as height, weight and blood pressure. But its strengths include its large scale and long follow-up period.

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